Hair: weapon of seduction, symbol of virility and detail of well-being, sometimes main actor and sometimes accessory, for someone a game for someone else ally of self-esteem.
It is likely the most important organ between aesthetics and psychology for each one.
It is a complex microcosm, very strong but also delicate and vulnerable to environmental stress and emotions therefore care and targeted treatments are required.
Hair is made up of 2 parts: the bulb and the shaft.
The bulb is the root, the “living” part of the hair, under the skin, the follicle’s cells of growth. Hair follicle, in addition to regulating the life cycle of the hair at the level of the matrix, hosts sebaceous ducts in its outer portion which release sebum necessary to coat and protect scalp and hair. Each follicle works irrespective of the others, so normally some of them are in activity (about 90%) and some in the resting phase (about 10%) as explanation of the constant daily loss, not perceived unless excessive and disease. With age it gets old and produces thinner hair, shorter and clearer.
The shaft, or length, is a rather “dead” structure, primarily made of cells with no nucleus and therefore without vital functions. It is rich in keratin, the same protein as nails and skin surface, even harder due to the sulphur strong bonds between Cysteine inside which ensure shape and strength. It shows three layers: the outer Cuticle protection (pH5), the central Cortex to give shape and the Medulla, the core inside.
Quantity, color, shape and thickness of the hair are genetic and racial features.
Recurring and physiological, it is a normal phenomenon as it follows the continuous replacement – life cycle – of the hair follicle in 3 phases:
- Anagen: active phase of hair production in the follicle’s matrix
- Catagen: transition phase in which the matrix stops its activity and the follicle goes up to the most superficial part of the skin, where it will spend its resting phase
- Telogen: resting phase where the hair follicle doesn’t produce anymore and the hair is still anchored to the skin. It lasts about 3 months and the hair falls out when the next anagen phase starts to produce a “new” one that pushes out the “older”. If the resting hair immediately falls down, follicle remains empty until the next anagen phase and you notice thinning even greater in baldness and alopecia situations
Hair loss is facilitated by mechanical trauma as rubbing, brushing, washing and it can be of two types:
- Temporary: passing weakness due to stress, acute disease or pollution, loss of weight, lack of vitamins, minerals, amino acids and fatty acids, aggressive treatments, surgery, post-partum, change of season
- Permanent: pathological occurrence due to hereditary diseases and hormonal imbalances with increased synthesis of testosterone
Smoking and some medicines worsen this condition as they act to accelerate the synthesis of testosterone and therefore the fall and the production of sebum.
If abundant and associated with thinning it is always advisable to consult your doctor or pharmacist for in-depth analysis and targeted therapy.
Kleraderm offers Trikol’s with 3 specific, effective treatments to properly maintain healthy and beautiful hair.
- Dandruff: white flakes of skin, free or adherent to the scalp, it can be dry or oily and common manifestation of sebhorreic dermatitis. This disease aggravates the fall, it is related to stress, hormonal imbalances and fungal contamination, associated with itching, redness and scaling as well as oily hair due to the excessive production of sebum. Gentle hygiene helps prevent fungal attack, remove excess sebum and keep the scalp free and clean
- Loss: shampoo, lotion and phials to prevent and contrast hair loss promoting the duration of the anagen phase
- Daily cleansing: mild surfactants for the hygiene of the whole family respecting pH and hydro-lipidic mantle of the skin
Kleraderm Pharma and Trikol’s for your healthy, strong and vital hair.